Heckled By ParrotsBlue Sky WritingRebecca K. O'Connor

Back to Blog Home

FALCONRY GLOSSARY

Here is a glossary for you folks who don’t automatically know a mute from a rouse.


  • Anatum (n.) – a subspecies of peregrine falcon from North America.
  • Austringer (n.) - a person who trains short-wing hawks, ie. coopers hawks and goshawks.
  • Bate (v.) – when a hawk jumps off a falconer’s fist or a perch.
  • Bewit (n.) – a small leather strap used to attach a bell or tranmitter to a hawk’s leg.
  • Blue-winged Teal- a species of North American duck.
  • Braces (n.) – the leather (or sometimes gortex) strips that open and close a hood.
  • Broadwing (n.) - a raptor of the genus buteo or parabuteo, like a redtail or Harris’ hawk.
  • Bufflehead – A species of North American Duck
  • Carry (v.) – when a hawk tries to fly off with its quarry leaving its frustrated falconer behind.
  • Cassini (n.) – A subspecies of peregrine falcon from South America.
  • Cast (v.) – regurgitating the undigested feathers, fur and bones. Also means to fly a group of birds together or to restrain a hawk for medical or maintenance purposes.
  • Chamber (n.) – another word for mews, but generally used as a place where breeding hawks and their offspring are housed.
  • Chamber-Raised (adj.) – an eyass that remains in the chamber with its parents and without human interaction until it is removed for training.
  • Cinnamon Teal- a species of North American duck.
  • Coot (Mud Hen)- a species of North American waterfowl.
  • Cope (v.) – to groom a bird’s beak and nails, often involves trimming and shaping
  • Creance (n.) – the line used to train a hawk before it can be trusted to fly free.
  • Dirt Hawker (n.) – a person who hunts ground quarry, generally with a broadwing.
  • Enter (v.) – starting a hawk on a new quarry.
  • Eyas (or Eyass) (n.) -  a young hawk or a hawk taken from the nest.
  • Foot (v.) – when a hawk grabs something with its foot.
  • Gadwall – a species of North American duck.
  • Green-winged teal- a species of North American duck.
  • Haggard (n. or v.) – a wild adult hawk.
  • Hard-penned (adj.) – when a hawk’s feathers are completely grown in.
  • Hawk (n.) – besides the obvious, also a general term often used to describe both hawks and falcons.
  • Hood (n. or v.) – the leather covering placed on a hawks head to keep it calm and reduce stress.
  • Jesses (n.) – the leather straps on a hawks legs.
  • Longwinger (n.) – a person who flies longwings, meaning falcons.
  • Lure (n.)  -  a small leather pouch, sometime shaped like a bird, that is used to call a hawk in to the falconer and often used as a means of conditioning.
  • Make-in (v.) – approaching a hawk who is on prey.
  • Mantle (v.) – when a hawk covers its food with its wings in an attempt to protect its meal.
  • Mews (n.) – area in which a hawk is kept.
  • Moult (v.) – the process of dropping feather and growing in new ones. Also used to describe the summer when no birds are flying, but resting while they moult.
  • Mute (n. or v.) – hawk droppings.
  • Passage (n.) – bird trapped in its first year on the migration or passage.
  • Pintail - a species of North American duck.
  • Pitch (n.) – the altitude a bird is flying at.
  • Ring Bill (Ring-Necked) – a species of North American duck.
  • Rouse (v.) – when a hawk lifts all its feathers and then shakes them back into place, often in preparation of flying.
  • “Set” Wings (v.) – when a falcon stops pumping its wings to gain altitude and soars, generally focusing on something below it.
  • Shoveler – a species of North American duck.
  • Stoop (v.) – a high speed dive at quarry.
  • Telemetry (n.) – a combination of transmitter and receiver used to track hawks,
  • Tiercel (adj. or n.) – a male raptor.
  • Wait-on (v.) – when a falcon circles above a falconer waiting for game to appear.
  • Widgeon – a species of North American duck.